How To Build a Website With CSS

Web forms are a potent tool for interacting with users — most commonly, they are used for collecting data from users, or allowing them to control a user interface. In the articles listed below, we’ll cover all the essential aspects of structuring, styling, and interacting with web forms. Provides a practical introduction to web development for complete beginners.

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In this module you will find out how to use the various types of gradients available in CSS. Gradients can be used to create a whole host of useful effects, without needing to create an image using a graphics application. Flexbox is a layout mechanism designed for laying out groups of items in one dimension. In this module we take a look at the most commonly used color values.

In the original HTML we provided, the only element styled is .

It is worth remembering however that in a real site, you want to ensure that visitors know that a link is a link. Leaving the underline in place can be an important clue for people to realize that some text inside a paragraph can be clicked on — this is the behavior they are used to. As with everything in CSS, there is the potential to make the document less accessible with your changes — we will aim to highlight potential pitfalls in appropriate places.

css web development

Whether you’re just getting started with Web development, or are just expanding your horizons into new realms of Web awesomeness, the links here should help you get started. Interactive site with tutorials and projects to learn web development. Basic coding theory and practice, primarily aimed at children/complete beginners. Web performance is the art of making sure web applications download fast and are responsive to user interaction, regardless of a user’s bandwidth, screen size, network, or device capabilities. If you are a complete beginner, web development can be challenging — we will hold your hand and provide enough detail for you to feel comfortable and learn the topics properly. (For instructions on loading an HTML file, please visit our tutorial section How To View An Offline HTML File In Your Browser).


This article explains what CSS is with a simple syntax example and also covers some key terms about the language. Try experimenting with different values to see how it changes the appearance.

In this module find out how to size elements using CSS, working with the flexible medium of the web. CSS provides you with a number of different ways to do this, and you can explore them in this module. Tailwind UI is a collection of beautiful, fully responsive UI components, designed and developed by us, the creators of Tailwind CSS. It’s got hundreds of ready-to-use examples to choose from, and is guaranteed to help you find the perfect starting point for what you want to build. Use Tailwind’s @apply directive to extract repeated utility patterns into custom CSS classes just by copying and pasting the list of class names. Throw a screen size in front of literally any utility class and watch it magically apply at a specific breakpoint.


They allow you to create CSS rules that you can apply to HTML elements that have a unique ID attribute. Like classes, ID names are chosen by the developer when they create a CSS rule using the ID selector. However, IDs are different from classes in that you can only use an individual ID once in an HTML document.

  • In this article, we have taken a look at a number of ways in which you can style a document using CSS.
  • If you are building anything other than a demo, you will need to add some basic styling to make it more presentable.
  • Since the only rule available in the CSS has a span selector, the browser sorts the CSS very quickly!
  • In the articles listed below, we’ll cover all the essential aspects of structuring, styling, and interacting with web forms.

If you remember our example HTML page, we had elements which were pretty self-explanatory. For example, I stated that I would change the color of the level one heading h1 to red. With CSS you css web development can set the colour and background of your elements, as well as the typeface, margins, spacing, padding and so much more. There are a number of ways to add shadows to text and elements in CSS.

Changing the default behavior of elements

Now it’s time to look at how to place your boxes in the right place in relation to the viewport, and to each other. At this point, we’ve already looked at CSS fundamentals, how to style text, and how to style and manipulate the boxes that your content sits inside. Now it’s time to look at how to place your boxes in the right place with respect to the viewport, and one another. As there are so many things that you could style using CSS, the language is broken down into modules. Many of the documentation pages are organized around a particular module. For example, you could take a look at the MDN reference to the Backgrounds and Borders module to find out what its purpose is and the properties and features it contains.

css web development

You can also use your own image by specifying the file path as instructed in our tutorial How To Add Images To Your Webpage With HTML. CSS comprises style rules that are interpreted by the browser and then applied to the corresponding elements in your document. A style rule set consists of a selector and declaration block. In this tutorial you explored how and why to use pseudo-classes. You also experimented with applying them to text and image based HTML elements. You will use pseudo-classes to build the footer of the demonstration website if you follow the second half of this tutorial series.

HTML element, which is a tag selector. We’ll learn about other types of selectors later on in the tutorial series.

You can apply the class of special to any element on your page that you want to have the same look as this list item. For example, you might want the in the paragraph to also be orange and bold. Try adding a class of special to it, then reload your page and see what happens.

css web development

In this module, learn how to define transitions between states of an element. Use transitions to improve user experience by providing visual feedback to user interaction. A list, structurally, is composed of a list container element filled with list items. In this module, you’ll learn how to style all the parts of a list. Create compositional effects by mixing two or more layers, and learn how to isolate an image with a white background in this module on blend modes. Find out how to select the best method of spacing elements, taking into consideration the layout method you are using and component that you need to build.

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Likewise, a height declaration will not change the size of the font. You also need to create a file to add our HTML content—the text, images, and HTML elements that will be rendered in the browser. In the project directory css-practice, open an additional new file and save it as index.html in the same way you created the styles.css file above. Make sure to save this index.html file in the css-practice folder and not in the css folder. In this tutorial, you will learn how to declare values for multiple properties in a CSS rule.

font-family: «Helvetica», Sans-Serif;

In this tutorial, you will set up the folders and files necessary for exploring CSS and building a website. Using a code editor, you will create a project directory for our website, a folder and file for our CSS code, a file for our HTML code, and a folder for images. This tutorial series uses Visual Studio Code, a code editor freely-available for Mac, Windows, or Linux, but you may use whichever code editor you prefer. Note that certain instructions may need to be slightly modified if you use a different editor. CSS ID selectors function similarly to CSS class selectors.

For Visual Studio Code, that support includes smart suggestions and auto completions. While this support is often useful, be aware that you might generate extra code that will create errors if you’re not used to working with these support features. If you find these features distracting, you can turn them off in the code editor’s preferences. The first half of this tutorial series will introduce CSS through hands-on exercises and the second half of the tutorial series will provide steps for recreating the demonstration website. If you want to start building the demonstration website right away, you can start with the tutorial How To Set Up Your CSS and HTML Website Project and proceed from there. At this point we’ve already looked at CSS fundamentals, how to style text, and how to style and manipulate the boxes that your content sits inside.